One in six young people aged 15-24 in Nigeria often feel depressed or have little interest in doing things, or are worried, nervous, or anxious, a UNICEF survey has revealed.
According to the survey conducted by UNICEF in 21 countries, including Nigeria, a median of one in five young people aged 15–24 surveyed said they often feel depressed or have little interest in doing things.
The report – which is previewed in The State of the World’s Children 2021 – showed that as COVID-19 heads into its third year, the impact on children and young people’s mental health and well-being continues to weigh heavily.
“According to the latest available data from UNICEF, globally, at least one in seven children has been directly affected by lockdowns, while more than 1.6 billion children have suffered some loss of education.
“The disruption to routines, education, recreation, as well as concern for family income and health, is leaving many young people feeling afraid, angry, and concerned for their future,” the report made available to PUNCH HealthWise noted.
Children and young people could feel the impact of COVID-19 on their mental health and well-being for many years to come, UNICEF warned in its flagship report.
According to The State of the World’s Children 2021; On My Mind: promoting, protecting and caring for children’s mental health – UNICEF’s most comprehensive look at the mental health of children, adolescents and caregivers in the 21st century – even before COVID-19, children and young people carried the burden of mental health conditions without significant investment in addressing them.
According to the latest available estimates, more than one in seven adolescents aged 10–19 is estimated to live with a diagnosed mental health problem globally.
“Almost 46,000 adolescents die from suicide each year, among the top five causes of death for their age group. Meanwhile, wide gaps persist between mental health needs and mental health funding. The report finds that about two percent of government health budgets are allocated to mental health spending globally,” it noted.
“It has been a long 18 months for us all– especially children. With the nationwide lockdowns and pandemic-related movement restrictions in Nigeria, children have spent indelible years of their lives away from family, friends, classrooms, play – key elements of childhood itself,” said UNICEF Nigeria Representative, Peter Hawkins. “They have also suffered an increase in violence and abuse, especially girl children.”
“Even before the pandemic, far too many children were burdened under the weight of unaddressed mental health issues. This has been compounded by the pandemic. The impact is significant, and it is sadly just the tip of the iceberg,” said Peter Hawkins.
UNICEF said diagnosed mental health challenges, including ADHD, anxiety, autism, bipolar disorder, conduct disorder, depression, eating disorders, intellectual disability, and schizophrenia, can significantly harm children and young people’s health, education, life outcomes, and earning capacity.
“While the impact on children’s lives is incalculable, a new analysis by the London School of Economics in the report indicates that lost contribution to economies due to mental health problems that lead to disability or death among young people is estimated at nearly $390 billion a year,” it said.
The report notes that a mix of genetics, experience and environmental factors from the earliest days, including parenting, schooling, quality of relationships, exposure to violence or abuse, discrimination, poverty, humanitarian crises, and health emergencies such as COVID-19, all shape and affect children’s mental health throughout their lifetime.
“While protective factors, such as loving caregivers, safe school environments, and positive peer relationships can help reduce the risk of mental health problems, the report warns that significant barriers, including stigma and lack of funding, are preventing too many children from experiencing a positive mental health or accessing the support they need,” it said.
The State of the World’s Children 2021 calls on governments, and public and private sector partners, to commit, communicate and act to promote mental health for all children, adolescents, and caregivers, protect those in need of help, and care for the most vulnerable.
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